The Águia de Ouro Battery

THE HEART OF SCHOOL

It is the drums that set the pace for everyone on the avenue.

Looking at the parade we see a large orchestra in motion:

The deaf is the most serious instrument of the drums with its three types: the first, the second and the third. Then there are the instruments that are considered intermediate: the box, the raise, or raise. Finally the treble: the tambourine, the cuica, the agogô and the rattle.

 

The position of each drummer on the avenue is carefully studied by Mestre Juca (battery master), who positions the instruments in the way he thinks best.

In addition to the organization, the school's battery also differs in terms of parades and, of course, the arrangements.

 

The result is that there is no one who can stand on the side of the Águia de Ouro's battery.

The main instruments that make up the Águia de Ouro's Battery

Mestre Armando Guerra (Mestre Juca) explains the instruments of our drums and the role of each one in the samba rhythm.

Click on the instruments and learn a little more about the function of each one.

TAMBORIM
Bateria | Tamborim

Treble instrument, which brightens the drums, drawing phrases in the samba melody.

TAMBORIM
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SURDO DE PRIMEIRA
Bateria | Surdo de Primeira

It is the biggest deaf and the one that gives the main tempo to samba, serving as the basis of the whole rhythm. Its tuning is serious.

SURDO DE PRIMEIRA
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SURDO DE SEGUNDA
Bateria | Surdo de Segunda

It is the answer to the deaf at first. It serves as support for samba at the moment when the first deaf person is “stopped”. Its tuning is sharp.

SURDO DE SEGUNDA
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SURDO DE TERCEIRA
Bateria | Surdo de Terceira

It plays in the interval of the 1st and 2nd deaf people in setback. Its tuning depends on the characteristics of each battery, and can be high or very high.

SURDO DE TERCEIRA
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CHOCALHO
Bateria | Chocalho

With its high-pitched sound, in addition to providing swing, it helps in sustaining the drums.

CHOCALHO
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REPINIQUE
Bateria | Repinique

It is widely used in the paradinhas and in the turns of samba, as a "password" for the return of the other instruments. Its pitch is sharp.

REPINIQUE
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CUICA
Bateria | Cuica

Their progress depends on the marking of the deaf, which are followed by the cuíca that gives samba a shine and cadence.

CUICA
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AGOGÔ
Bateria | Agogô

In the drumming of the drums there is a sound with a unique and cadenced definition in the notes D, G and B. It also brightens the drums, being performed in phrases in the samba melody.

AGOGÔ
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CAIXA
Bateria | Caixa de Guerra

It sets the pace, but allows flourishes that do not occur in the deaf. Depending on the level, the tunings can vary from high to medium low, usually the identity of each battery.

CAIXA
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With 27 years in front of the drums, Mestre Juca explains to us the meaning of some of the most used terms by drummers and battery masters of the samba schools of the carnival of São Paulo.

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PROGRESS

It is the number of beats per minute (BPM) taking into account the measurement of the pulse beat of the human heart. Term widely used to measure musical tempo. The batteries usually play between 140 to 152 bpm.

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BLACKOUT

It is the famous 'paradão', when the drums stop playing during an entire chorus so that the school members sing at acapela. In the blackout, the drums returns after a long time.

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BPM

BPM or Beats per Minute, is a rhythmic speed that takes into account the speed of the heartbeat per minute. BPMs are calculated with the aid of the metronome.

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EQUALIZATION

It is the balance of sound. The idea of equalization is to make it possible to hear the sound of all instruments in harmony.

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METRONOME

A kind of clock, the metronome is a device used to measure beats per minute.

The metronome stays with the music director to ensure the same tempo during the 65 minutes of the parade.

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BATTERY MAP

It is the way the instruments are positioned inside the battery. In the old days, all the rhythmists got together and played in a kind of procession.

With the introduction of the map, it began to define where each instrument will be.

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NAIPES

Term widely used in orchestras but which was introduced to carnival.

In the drums, the suits are the group formed by a certain instrument. There are suits of tambourines, suits of boxes, suits of deaf people, etc.

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PARADINHA

Be it a paradinha, braque, bossa or convention ... It's the moment when all the rhythm players stop playing. But, suddenly, the repinique calls the samba and the drums come back in the same tempo.

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TURN

And the finalization of a certain part of the samba more often after the choruses, with resumption in time, and can also be used to finalize the drums.